Smarter Robotic Sprayer System for Precision Agriculture

André Rodrigues Baltazar, Filipe Neves dos Santos, António Paulo Moreira, António Valente, José Boaventura Cunha
2021 Electronics  
The automation of agricultural processes is expected to positively impact the environment by reducing waste and increasing food security, maximising resource use. Precision spraying is a method used to reduce the losses during pesticides application, reducing chemical residues in the soil. In this work, we developed a smart and novel electric sprayer that can be assembled on a robot. The sprayer has a crop perception system that calculates the leaf density based on a support vector machine
more » ... classifier using image histograms (local binary pattern (LBP), vegetation index, average, and hue). This density can then be used as a reference value to feed a controller that determines the air flow, the water rate, and the water density of the sprayer. This perception system was developed and tested with a created dataset available to the scientific community and represents a significant contribution. The results of the leaf density classifier show an accuracy score that varies between 80% and 85%. The conducted tests prove that the solution has the potential to increase the spraying accuracy and precision.
doi:10.3390/electronics10172061 doaj:6295678557204909a1c0086d969aa473 fatcat:nnmtpmvhabbk7ji6gz6zyx65nm