Impact Assessment of Stormwater Alternatives on Generated Runoff in Cities Experiencing Urban Decline

Kasey M. Faust, Dulcy M. Abraham
2016 Procedia Engineering  
Shrinking cities have experienced substantial, chronic population decline resulting in the inundation of impervious, vacant or abandoned properties that contribute to the runoff entering the stormwater systems. These cities have the potential to shift land uses, selectively transition excess land to pervious surfaces, or implement green infrastructure to treat stormwater onsite, reducing the runoff and pollutants entering the stormwater systems. This study evaluated the impact on the generated
more » ... unoff due to: (1) decommissioning impervious surfaces, (2) transitioning land uses, and (3) incorporating bioretention cells at the neighborhood level in vacant lots. Hydrology-hydraulic modeling was used to evaluate the alternatives in two Midwestern shrinking cities, each operating on different stormwater systems (combined and separate) using city-provided and publicly available data. Historic precipitation; short-duration, high-intensity storms; and long-duration, low-intensity storms were assessed. Implementing the alternatives can reduce runoff between 10% and 98% depending upon the alternative and precipitation/storm.
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2016.04.042 fatcat:6eeszwvw35fxxgz5ve4m2yhq6e