Decision Making Style of Secondary School Head Masters with Reference to Their Length of Service

Hakeem Sayar, Ahmad Shah
The headmaster is the major component of any educational enterprise. Everything in the school plant-the staff, the curriculum, methods and techniques of teaching, co-curricular activities, human relationships bear the impression of the personality of the headmaster. The headmaster is believed to be the keystone in the arch of school administration. He is the hub round whom the educational efforts revolve. He is a group leader who knows how to involve people, how to arrange conditions and
more » ... nditions and initiate processes that will bring out the best in each participant. The Headmaster is the group leader to direct and stimulate group effort. In the school management, the headmaster occupies a unique position. Decision-making is the selection of an alternative, from two or more alternatives to determine and opinion or a course of action. A decision is the selection of a course of action from two or more alternatives; the decision making process is sequence of steps leading to that selection (Williams, 2007). Educational institutions are complex organizations in the sense that they deal with human beings at every level. The input (students), the process (rules and regulations), as well as the output (learning outcomes), all are human beings. Therefore, the headmaster who manages the educational organization should have a deep and expert knowledge of decision-making. Review of Literature Decision-making is the most crucial aspect of educational administration. Research suggests that decision-making is one of the salient factors upon which the survival of any organization is based. Decision making is affected directly by leadership style and interpersonal communication Syarif (2014). Leadership skills needed by principals for effective administration include among others: principal cooperating with teachers to define objectives, principal providing facilities, supervising lesson plans, teaching and learning activities, evaluating curriculum plan and implementation (Oluwadare, et al,. 2011). Kumar (2010) found that aided schools head leadership behaviour was better than the Government schools head leadership behavior & unaided schools head leadership behaviour was better than the Government schools heads leadership behaviour. Roelle (2010) confirmed that principals who rated their own job satisfaction and efficacy as high gave their superintendent a high rating on their decision making potential. Dunham (1995) asserts that the wellbeing of all the school community members and the survival of the school heavily Abstract The main purpose of the study was to examine the decision making style of secondary school headmasters with reference to their length of service. The sample of two hundred (200) headmasters was drawn through systematic random sampling technique from different government secondary schools of the Kashmir Valley. Decision making style scale developed by Ganihar (2005) was administrated to collect data from sample subjects. Collected data was analyzed with the help of Mean, S.D, & Test of significance. The results of the study revealed that senior headmasters are applying heuristic type of decision as compared to junior headmasters who were observed in routine decision making styles. The study further revealed that length of service has no impact on making the compromise style of decisions as both the groups of headmasters are applying compromise type of decisions as far as it benefits the school.