The radial distribution of core-collapse supernovae in spiral host galaxies

A. A. Hakobyan, G. A. Mamon, A. R. Petrosian, D. Kunth, M. Turatto
2009 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
With the goal of providing constraints on the nature of the progenitors of core-collapse supernovae, we compare their radial distribution within their spiral host galaxies with the distributions of stars and ionized gas in the spiral disks. The normalized radial distribution of all CCSNe is consistent with an exponential law, with a possible depletion of CCSNe within one-fifth of the isophotal radius. The scale length of the distribution of type II SNe appears to be significantly larger than
more » ... ntly larger than that of the stellar disks of their host galaxies, but consistent with the scale lengths of Freeman disks. SNe Ib/c have a significantly smaller scale length than SNe II, with little difference between types Ib and Ic. The radial distribution of type Ib/c SNe is more centrally concentrated than that of the stars in a Freeman disk, but is similar to the stellar disk distribution that we infer for the host galaxies. The scale length of the CCSN radial distribution shows no significant correlation with the host galaxy morphological type, or the presence of bars. However, low luminosity as well as inclined hosts have a less concentrated distribution of CCSNe, which are probably a consequence of metallicity and selection effects, respectively. The exponential distribution of CCSNe shows a scale length consistent with that of the ionized gas confirming the generally accepted hypothesis that the progenitors of these SNe are young massive stars. Given the lack of correlation of the normalized radial distances of CCSNe with the morphological type of the host galaxy, we conclude that the more concentrated distribution of SNe Ib/c relative to SNe II must arise from the higher metallicity of their progenitors or possibly from a shallower initial mass function in the inner regions of spirals.
doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912795 fatcat:imqcninahng6fl6wns6f7hbc74