lncRNA AFAP1-AS1 promotes triple negative breast cancer cell proliferation and invasion via targeting miR-145 to regulate MTH1 expression

Xiaohui Zhang, Yidong Zhou, Feng Mao, Yan Lin, Songjie Shen, Qiang Sun
2020 Scientific Reports  
The actin fiber-associated protein 1-antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1) is upregulated in various cancers and associated with cancer proliferation and metastasis. Several cancer-related pathways have been linked to up-expression of this long non-coding (lnc)RNA, but the underlying mechanisms are yet unknown. In triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), AFAP1-AS1 expression is also significantly overexpressed compared to that in other subtypes of breast cancer from the TCGA dataset. In this study, we
more » ... is study, we performed bioinformatic RNAhybrid analyses and identified that miR-145 is a potential target of AFAP1-AS1 and able to reduce MutT homolog-1 (MTH1) expression. Thus, this study investigated the oncogenic activity of AFAP1-AS1 in TNBC cells and the underlying mechanisms that are yet poorly understood. The results showed that miR-145 expression was low, whereas AFAP1-AS1 and MTH1 expression was high in TNBC cells and that miR-145 mimics reduced TNBC cell proliferation and invasion, whereas miR-145 knockdown exerted the opposite activity in TNBC cells. Moreover, knockdown of AFAP1-AS1 reduced tumor cell proliferation and invasion, but miR-145 co-transfection rescued tumor cell viability and colony formation ability. The dual luciferase reporter assay showed that AFAP1-AS1 could directly target miR-145, while miR-145 could directly target MTH1. After knockdown of ATF6, AFAP1-AS1 was reduced along with AFAP1-AS1 promoter activity. This study revealed that AFAP1-AS1 could promote TNBC cell proliferation and invasion via regulation of MTH1 expression through targeting of miR-145.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-64713-x pmid:32376943 fatcat:ww6xua2kyjcqtizu5mhss2shgu