lncRNA AFAP1-AS1 promotes triple negative breast cancer cell proliferation and invasion via targeting miR-145 to regulate MTH1 expression
The actin fiber-associated protein 1-antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1) is upregulated in various cancers and associated with cancer proliferation and metastasis. Several cancer-related pathways have been linked to up-expression of this long non-coding (lnc)RNA, but the underlying mechanisms are yet unknown. In triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), AFAP1-AS1 expression is also significantly overexpressed compared to that in other subtypes of breast cancer from the TCGA dataset. In this study, we
... is study, we performed bioinformatic RNAhybrid analyses and identified that miR-145 is a potential target of AFAP1-AS1 and able to reduce MutT homolog-1 (MTH1) expression. Thus, this study investigated the oncogenic activity of AFAP1-AS1 in TNBC cells and the underlying mechanisms that are yet poorly understood. The results showed that miR-145 expression was low, whereas AFAP1-AS1 and MTH1 expression was high in TNBC cells and that miR-145 mimics reduced TNBC cell proliferation and invasion, whereas miR-145 knockdown exerted the opposite activity in TNBC cells. Moreover, knockdown of AFAP1-AS1 reduced tumor cell proliferation and invasion, but miR-145 co-transfection rescued tumor cell viability and colony formation ability. The dual luciferase reporter assay showed that AFAP1-AS1 could directly target miR-145, while miR-145 could directly target MTH1. After knockdown of ATF6, AFAP1-AS1 was reduced along with AFAP1-AS1 promoter activity. This study revealed that AFAP1-AS1 could promote TNBC cell proliferation and invasion via regulation of MTH1 expression through targeting of miR-145.