Implementation of Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy As the Default Technique and Lessons Learnt

Jose D Roman
2021 Cureus  
Introduction Concerns about surgical complications and the paucity of surgical audits have been named as reasons for the slow implementation of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) in New Zealand and Australia, despite a majority of gynaecologists who would like to offer this less-invasive approach to their patients. Material and methods This study aims to assess the implementation of TLH as the default method of hysterectomy at a private institution in the Waikato region of New Zealand, and
more » ... identify factors related to the perioperative complications and to the failure to accomplish the above procedure laparoscopically in an unselected population. We present 1,287 cases collected over fourteen years with an emphasis on demographics, outcomes, indications for surgery, laparoscopic completion of the surgical procedure and perioperative major complications. Results One hundred and fifty patients (11.7%) were nulliparous and 378 patients (29.4%) had a history of the previous laparotomy. The mean theatre time and SD was 144.84 ± 20.48 min; the mean blood loss was 137.24 ± 69 mL; the mean hospital stay was 2.07 ± 0.31 days; the median uterine weight was 177 g and the biggest uterus removed laparoscopically weighed 1,510 g. Twelve cases were converted to laparotomy (0.93%). The uterine weight had a statistically significant association with the conversion rate. The main indications for surgery were menorrhagia and/or recurrent dysmenorrhoea in 662 patients (51.4%) and fibroid uterus in 228 patients (17.7%). Six patients (0.47%) required blood transfusions. There was a total of 74 perioperative complications (5.7%) and 16 major complications (1.24%). BMI and uterine weight had a statistically significant association with major complication rates. Seven patients (0.54%) were reoperated as a result of a complication. Conclusion The implementation of TLH as default is achievable and is a safe surgical option. BMI and uterine weight are factors associated significantly with major complications or conversion to laparotomy.
doi:10.7759/cureus.16428 fatcat:xp633bu5jrguboklabluk4z4di