Molecular evidences on the benefit of N-acetylcysteine in experimental colitis

Fatemeh Ebrahimi, Hadi Esmaily, Maryam Baeeri, Azadeh Mohammadirad, Saeed Fallah, Mohammad Abdollahi
2008 Open Life Sciences  
AbstractInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic recurrent disease of the digestive tract with an unknown etiology. The aim of this study was to examine the possible protective effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in the mouse model of IBD by measuring specific biomarkers in the colon cells. Colitis was induced by administration of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in drinking water (3%) for 7 days. Three doses of NAC (106, 160, and 240 mg/kg) were given after induction of colitis (4 days post
more » ... is (4 days post DSS) for 4 days by gavage. Lipid peroxides (LP), total antioxidant power (TAP), total thiol molecules (TTM), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) were measured in the colon homogenate of the treated animals. NAC (160 and 240 mg/kg) significantly decreased LP, TNF-α, NO and increased TTM, SOD, and CAT. The TAP was also increased by NAC (240 mg/kg). It is concluded that moderate to high doses of NAC improves cellular biomarkers of IBD in mice. Further studies should be trialled in humans suffering from two common inflammatory bowel disease called ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
doi:10.2478/s11535-008-0005-x fatcat:y6aqwzkpercc7jzy3mmgvoizsi