Dual-source CT for chest pain assessment

Thorsten R. C. Johnson, Konstantin Nikolaou, Alexander Becker, Alexander W. Leber, Carsten Rist, Bernd J. Wintersperger, Maximilian F. Reiser, Christoph R. Becker
2007 European Radiology  
Comprehensive CT angiography protocols offering a simultaneous evaluation of pulmonary embolism, coronary stenoses and aortic disease are gaining attractiveness with recent CT technology. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a specific dual-source CT protocol for chest pain assessment. One hundred nine patients suffering from acute chest pain were examined on a dual-source CT scanner with ECG gating at a temporal resolution of 83 ms using a body-weight-adapted contrast
more » ... material injection regimen. The images were evaluated for the cause of chest pain, and the coronary findings were correlated to invasive coronary angiography in 29 patients (27%). The files of patients with negative CT examinations were re-viewed for further diagnoses. Technical limitations were insufficient contrast opacification in six and artifacts from respiration in three patients. The most frequent diagnoses were coronary stenoses, valvular and myocardial disease, pulmonary embolism, aortic aneurysm and dissection. Overall sensitivity for the identification of the cause of chest pain was 98%. Correlation to invasive coronary angiography showed 100% sensitivity and negative predictive value for coronary stenoses. Dual-source CT offers a comprehensive, robust and fast chest pain assessment.
doi:10.1007/s00330-007-0803-y pmid:18034246 pmcid:PMC2270358 fatcat:evh2i3okareihcwdekh5ptxo6e