Effects of Perceived Fitness Level of Exercise Partner on Intensity of Exertion

2010 Journal of Social Sciences (New York, N.Y.)  
Problem statement: Social comparison theory was used to examine if exercising with a research confederate posing as either high fit or low fit would increase the exertion in exercising. Approach: 91 college students were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: Biking alone, biking with a high fit confederate, or biking with a low fit confederate. All participants were instructed to complete 20 min of exercise at 60-70% of their maximum target heart rate. Results: Results indicated that
more » ... ticipants in the high fit condition exercised harder than those in the low fit condition. However, no mood differences emerged between conditions. Conclusion: Social comparison theory predicts exercise outcome such that participants gravitate towards the behavior (high fit or low fit) of those around them.
doi:10.3844/jssp.2010.50.54 fatcat:kw7fae3gwfcenkfnawruqiydia