The Effect of Sacubitril/Valsartan on Device Detected Arrhythmias and Electrical Parameters among Dilated Cardiomyopathy Patients with Reduced Ejection Fraction and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

Vincenzo Russo, Roberta Bottino, Anna Rago, Andrea Antonio Papa, Biagio Liccardo, Riccardo Proietti, Vincenzo Manna, Paolo Golino, Antonio D'Onofrio, Gerardo Nigro
2020 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
Sacubitril/valsartan therapy reduces sudden cardiac death (SCD) among patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) when compared to guidelines recommended doses of enalapril, however the mechanism is still not clear. There are few, contrasting results about the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on arrhythmias in the clinical context of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and there are no clinical data about its effect on measured implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) electrical parameters, such
more » ... as atrial/ventricular electrograms sensing and pacing threshold. We conducted a 12 month follow-up observational study in 167 ischemic and nonischemic DCM patients (mean age 68.1 ± 11.6 years; 85% male), with dual-chamber ICD on sacubitril/valsartan treatment, to evaluate the incidence of device detected tachyarrhythmia events, both atrial and ventricular, and the change in measured ICD electrical parameters. We collected data on clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic parameters to find a possible electro-mechanical correlation within results. Our results show that DCM patients with reduced ejection fraction and ICD on sacubitril/valsartan treatment experienced a reduction in both atrial and ventricular arrhythmias incidence and an improvement in ICD electrical atrial parameters. The findings might be explained by the electro-mechanical cardiac reverse remodeling induced by sacubitril/valsartan therapy.
doi:10.3390/jcm9041111 pmid:32294983 fatcat:l7wgaa67ivgr7bkp4kkqhcu7im