A snapshot of factual bitterness of elderly Indians: It's time to act [post]

2019 unpublished
Elderly people suffer with diverse morbidities which comes with advancement in age. There is paucity of national and regional level studies to highlight the burden of various morbidities among elderly population in a comprehensive manner, which is of paramount importance for further fine tuning of policies and strategies for geriatric people in the country. The primary objective of the study was to screen the rural elderly people for major morbidity issues, and to find out their association
more » ... eir association with sociodemographic variables. Methods This community based study was conducted in rural area of Jodhpur, India. WHO's 10-minute comprehensive screening tool was used for screening of geriatric giants. Other tools used were; SNELLEN chart, Dementia Assessment by Rapid Test (DART), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), weighing machine and stadiometer for calculating BMI, glucometer for random capillary blood sugar, and digital sphygmomanometer. Data was analyzed using SPSS v.23, and inferences were drawn using chi-square & t-test. Results Depression and dementia were found in 45.4% and 36.2% of elderly people, respectively. Age was a significant predictor for both. Functional disability in any form was prevalent among 73.7% people. Eighteen participants were either had history of falls for ≥2 times in past one year or were unsteady on examination. Nearly half were having impaired hearing and/or vision. As much as 44% of the elderly were either overweight or obese. More than one third of the participants were found hypertensive. One fourth were found with >140mg/dl random capillary blood sugar. Opium addiction was quite rampant in the study area (21.1%). Conclusions This study provides a comprehensive picture of regional level estimate of major geriatric morbidities in India. These findings reinforce the need to reform the healthcare delivery for elderly people in India, and rethink in the direction of improving
doi:10.21203/rs.2.16029/v1 fatcat:jcuuocpq7ffe5hlq5zv54uwsga