3D printable geomaterials

D. A. H. Hanaor, Y. Gan, M. Revay, D. W. Airey, I. Einav
2016 Geotechnique  
One of the many attributes of 3D printing is the ability to produce particles with independent control of morphology and material properties, parameters that are inexorably entwined in naturally occurring geomaterials. In this paper we describe the 3D printing of surrogate granular materials, show examples of the particles produced and present results showing their ability to capture real soil behaviour. Three approaches are demonstrated for the three dimensional generation of model grains. The
more » ... first method involves the superimposition of a fractal surface with higher level stochastic features on the face of a closed volume such as a geodesic spheroid. The second method involves the use of Fourier descriptors or fractal geometry generated from 2D cross sections and their interpolation to produce simulated geomaterial particles in three dimensions. The third method involves the generation of complex particles by the aggregation of polyhedral elements such as cubes or octahedra which is suitable for the simulation and fabrication of porous or branching particles. Finally, we discuss applications of the fabrication of surrogate materials by 3D printing for use as standardised, printable geomaterials in future up-scaled geotechnical experiments and other geomechanical research.
doi:10.1680/jgeot.15.p.034 fatcat:227qefxxlbc7pojzkq7i27dmqy