NEED FOR IMPROVEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION OF INFRASTRUCTURE TO REDUCE IMPACT OF DISASTER IN INDIA

Shakhi Sharma, Dheeraj Mandloi
International Journal of Technical Research and Applications   unpublished
In this paper effort is made to study about existing disaster management structure in India; existing rules regulations for construction of buildings and actual ground reality in execution/implementation on ground in India. In last number of years, India is experiencing heavy floods, cyclones, landslides and earthquakes almost every year. The number of death, destruction and loss because of natural and man-made disasters are becoming more rather than less frequent. Disaster Risk reduction is
more » ... reasingly becoming more important because climate change is expected to result in more frequent & severe hazards. It is expected to increase people's vulnerability, resulting in even more disasters. It has also been experienced that the country is not adequately prepared to deal with consequences of these disasters. The experience suggests that there is an urgent need for a proper disaster management planning/strategy that is focused, well co-coordinated & prepared for all obvious eventualities so that its impact is reduced. The paper mainly focused on requirement of proper planning & implementation on ground while constructing any infrastructure projects, considering various aspects of disaster management & has finally recommended various comprehensive measures to be taken. The author was actively associated with surveying/assessment of large number of earth quake affected buildings in various places in India. The major reasons leading to failures of large number of structures have been analyzed, their remedial measures discussed, & deliberated by special emphasize on planning/designing & actual implementation on ground, for reduction of its impact in future.
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