Identification of key genes and pathways in syphilis combined with diabetes: a bioinformatics study

Wei Li, Chunyi Luo, Xiaoping Xie, Yongjian Xiao, Feijun Zhao, Jialun Cai, Xiangping Zhou, Tiebing Zeng, Bo Fu, Yimou Wu, Xinhua Xiao, Shuangquan Liu
2020 AMB Express  
We noticed that syphilis patients seem to be more susceptible to diabetes and the lesions often involve the kidneys, but the pathogenesis is not yet completely understood. In this study, microarray analysis was performed to investigate the dysregulated expressed genes (DEGs) in rabbit model of syphilis combined with diabetes. A total of 1045 genes were identified to be significantly differentially expressed, among which 571 were up-regulated and 474 were down-regulated (≥ 2.0fold, p < 0.05).
more » ... ng the database visualization and integration discovery for the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. The downregulated DEGs were significantly enriched for biosynthesis of antibiotics, carbon metabolism and protein digestion, while the upregulated DEGs were mainly enriched for cancer and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) plugins were used to visualize protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of DEGs and Screening for hub genes and gene modules. ALB, FN1, CASP3, MMP9, IL8, CTGF, STAT3, IGF1, VCAM-1 and HGF were filtrated as the hub genes according to the degree of connectivity from the PPI network. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to comprehensively identify the expression patterns of dysregulated genes in syphilis combined with diabetes, providing a basis for revealing the underlying pathogenesis of syphilis combined with diabetes and exploring the goals of therapeutic intervention.
doi:10.1186/s13568-020-01009-3 pmid:32342229 fatcat:zuzkbo45crhjhdho57ycwv7wbu