Leaders' Communication Pattern: A Predictor of Lecturers' Job Performance in Nigeria

Christopher Oluwatoyin Fashiku
2016 International Journal of Educational Leadership and Management  
The study investigated the influence leaders' communication pattern has on lecturers' job performance in Kwara State Colleges of Education, Nigeria. Using the descriptive survey method, the population of the study was made up of all lecturers and students of the existing three state government owned Colleges of Education in the state. Five hundred respondents were sampled from the Colleges using proportional simple random sampling technique to select 200 academic staff and 300 students from the
more » ... Colleges. Four research hypotheses were formulated while two validated instruments titled "Provosts' Communication Styles Descriptive Questionnaire" (PCSDS) and "Teachers' Effectiveness Descriptive Questionnaire" (TEDQ) were designed to elicit information from both lecturers and students. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient statistics was used in order to validate the assumptions. The results of the investigation revealed that: a significant relationship existed between leaders' democratic communication pattern and lecturers' performance; leaders' Autocratic pattern did not significantly relate to lecturers performance; leaders' laissez faire pattern not significantly related to lecturers' performance and that leaders' communication pattern significantly related to lecturers' performance. The study concluded that leaders' pattern of communication significantly enhanced lecturers performance in Kwara State Colleges of Education and recommended that leaders should as much as possible engage in democratic communication pattern in order to facilitate the attainment of the stated aims and objectives of the institutions. communication pattern has a greater effect on the overall job functioning of the subordinate lecturers in the colleges. Hence, this investigation. Forms and Channels of Communication Communication can be adjudged effective if it produces the intended outcome. In management, Esemonu, (2003) posited that communication serves both functional and psychological purposes. It serves a functional purpose as a means of transmitting and receiving information that links all the component units of the organizational goal attainment. It becomes psychological when it enhances the interpersonal skills of people in the particular social settings. It is desirable that in Colleges of education, this function should be successfully carried out. Basically channels of communication can be formal and informal. Formal Channel Vertical and horizontal flow of communication are the most common ways of communication flow discussed by Alabi (1988) and Fashiku (1997) . Diagonal flow of information in addition to this, include all forms of communication that cut across an organization chain of command. In Colleges of Education, vertical communication is the method employed by the management in sending orders, giving directives, indicating goals, making policies and sending memoranda to the staff in the struggle for goal attainment. Letters, circulars, telegrams, emails, advertisements, memoranda are good examples of formal channels of communication in the Colleges. to a wrong person. Overloading: This is another common barrier that connotes sending too much messages to a person to the extent that the content of the message is lost by the receiver. Other communication issues ; Apart from the issues raised above, problems of contradictions between verbal and non verbal gestures, noise, distortion, wrong timing, auditory and visual problems, age, health and
doi:10.17583/ijelm.2016.1848 fatcat:hhx4j4tycrgi7au3peojsdsm3a