Bias asymmetry in the conductance profile of magnetic ions on surfaces probed by scanning tunneling microscopy
Physical Review B
The conductance profiles of magnetic transition metal atoms, such as Fe, Co and Mn, deposited on surfaces and probed by a scanning tunneling microscope (STM), provide detailed information on the magnetic excitations of such nano-magnets. In general the profiles are symmetric with respect to the applied bias. However a set of recent experiments has shown evidence for inherent asymmetries when either a normal or a spin-polarized STM tip is used. In order to explain such asymmetries here we expand
... ries here we expand our previously developed perturbative approach to electron-spin scattering to the spin- polarized case and to the inclusion of out of equilibrium spin populations. In the case of a magnetic STM tip we demonstrate that the asymmetries are driven by the non-equilibrium occupation of the various atomic spin-levels, an effect that reminds closely that electron spin-transfer. In contrast when the tip is not spin-polarized such non-equilibrium population cannot be build up. In this circumstance we propose that the asymmetry simply originates from the transition metal ion density of state, which is included here as a non-vanishing real component to the spin-scattering self-energy.