Identification of Pagasianodon gigas, P. hypophthalmus and their hybrids using amplified fragment length polymorphism markers

Kriangsak Mengumphan, Nantaporn Sutthi, Doungporn Amornlerdpisan, Supamit Mekchay
Freshwater Pangasiid catfish species and hybrids are difficult to identify on the basis of morphological characteristics, especially for larvae and fingerlings. In this study, we identified genetic markers for Pangasiid catfish breeds, viz. Pagasianodon gigas, Pagasianodon hypophthalmus and their F 1 and F 2 hybrids. Twenty primer combinations were used to screen for specific amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. A total of 486 DNA bands were identified and 335 polymorphic
more » ... 35 polymorphic bands were found to be segregated among these catfish types. The level of polymorphism detected using 20 different primer combinations ranged between 65.38-100%. Eleven distinct markers were found to be significantly associated with P. gigas (two markers), P. hypophthalmus (three markers), their F 1 hybrid (three markers) and F 2 hybrid (three markers). Using these markers, 100% of the individuals were accurately assigned to their correct species. These results demonstrate that AFLP markers can be used to genetically identify Pangasiid catfish species and hybrids.
doi:10.14456/mijst.2014.18 fatcat:clnqbl4i2vcjha34zivyv6d7p4