Pathological and metabolic underpinnings of energetic inefficiency in temporal lobe epilepsy [article]

Xiaosong He, Lorenzo Caciagli, Linden M Parkes, Jennifer Stiso, Teresa M. Karrer, Jason Z. Kim, Zhixin Lu, Tommaso Menara, Fabio Pasqualetti, Michael R. Sperling, Joseph I. Tracy, Danielle S Bassett
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The human brain consumes a disproportionate amount of energy to generate neural dynamics. Yet precisely how energetic processes are altered in neurological disorders remains far from understood. Here, we use network control theory to profile the brain's energy landscape, describing the rich dynamical repertoire supported by the structural connectome. This approach allows us to estimate the energy required to activate a circuit, and determine which regions most support that activation. Focusing
more » ... n temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), we show that patients require more control energy to activate the limbic network than healthy volunteers, especially ipsilateral to the seizure focus. Further, greater energetic costs are largely localized to the ipsilateral temporo-limbic regions. Importantly, the energetic imbalance between ipsilateral and contralateral temporo-limbic regions is tracked by asymmetric metabolic patterns, which in turn are explained by asymmetric gray matter volume loss. In TLE, failure to meet the extra energy demands may lead to suboptimal brain dynamics and inadequate activation. Broadly, our investigation provides a theoretical framework unifying gray matter integrity, local metabolism, and energetic generation of neural dynamics.
doi:10.1101/2021.09.23.461495 fatcat:jqoeb27csbbtjndrgetje4u4ly