Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Hepatic Venous Obstruction and Hepatic Venous Collaterals

Masao Hashimoto, Nobutaka Umekita
2008 Digestive Surgery  
via the mass ( fig. 2 ) . A left hemihepatectomy was performed combined with resection of the distal part of the middle hepatic vein. The pathologic diagnosis was hepatocellular carcinoma, with tumor invasion of the adventitia of the resected part of the middle hepatic vein, without any endoluminal invasion. A hypervascular liver tumor causing obstruction of the hepatic veins with hepatic venous collaterals is usually a focal nodular hyperplasia, whereas hepatocellular carcinoma can also be
more » ... oma can also be associated with these vascular abnormalities as in the present case. Dynamic computed tomography of a 60-year-old man revealed a mass, 7 cm in diameter, in the left liver, which was high density in the early phase ( fig. 1 a) , and iso-to low density in the late phase ( fig. 1 b) . The middle hepatic vein appeared compressed and obstructed by the mass, which was calculated from the following finding: in the early phase of volume-rendered coronal computed tomography, the right hepatic vein as well as the middle and the left hepatic veins were enhanced through the hepatic venous collaterals between the middle and the right hepatic veins due to the hepatic artery hepatic venous shunt
doi:10.1159/000158906 pmid:18827484 fatcat:srns63xqmzckbgsb2vccmlcfxi