Correlation between clinical and radiographic parameters of the feet in children with flatfoot

Andrey V. Sapogovskiy, Aleksey E. Boyko
2021 Ortopediâ, Travmatologiâ i Vosstanovitelʹnaâ Hirurgiâ Detskogo Vozrasta  
Background. Flatfoot in children is one of the most common reasons for visiting an orthopedic specialist. The main criteria in determining various types of flatfoot are clinical (severity of arch flattening, hindfoot valgus, and degree of the foot dorsiflexion) and radiographic (angular values calculated from lateral and anteroposterior radiographs). The primary assessment of the degree of flatfoot is based on the clinical criteria. Detection of changes in the foot shape is the reason for the
more » ... diographic assessment. Aim. This study aimed to determine and analyze the relationship between clinical and radiological parameters of the feet in children with flatfoot. Materials and methods. The study group included patients with flatfoot observed in the outpatient clinic of H. Turner National Medical Research Center within the period from 2018 to 2020. The study population consisted of 30 children (53 feet) with flexible flatfoot and 65 children (111 feet) with flatfoot and short Achilles tendon. The patients were 10 (8.3; 12) years old. Clinical parameters (valgus value, longitudinal arch angle, and degree of foot dorsiflexion) and radiographic data (Kites angle, Mearys angle, calcaneal pitch, talotibial angle, longitudinal arch angle, talonavicular coverage angle, and forefoot adduction angle) were analyzed. Statistical differences were determined between groups of patients with flexible flatfoot and patients flatfoot and short Achilles tendon, and correlations between the studied parameters were identified. Results. Strong correlations were revealed in the following pairs of criteria: lateral Kites angle and lateral Mearys angle; talotibial angle and lateral Mearys angle; radiographic longitudinal arch angle and lateral Mearys angle; talotibial angle and lateral Kites angle; foot dorsiflexion and foot dorsiflexion with great toe extension; and radiographic longitudinal arch angle and calcaneal pitch. Only moderate and weak correlations were found between clinical and radiographic parameters of the feet. Conclusion. The relationship between clinical and radiographic parameters of the feet in patients with flatfoot is characterized by a moderate and weak correlation. Results suggest that the assessment of the clinical parameters of the feet in this population does not provide complete information about the degree of flatfoot.
doi:10.17816/ptors41830 fatcat:jtdcjluva5evdmsvbf7r7k7zni