Temporal Dissection of β1-Integrin Signaling Indicates a Role for p130Cas-Crk in Filopodia Formation

Anna Gustavsson, Ming Yuan, Maria Fällman
2004 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Invasin-promoted spreading of ␤ 1 -integrin-deficient cells, transfected with the ␤ 1A -or ␤ 1B -integrin splice variants, were used to dissect early ␤ 1 -integrin signaling events. The ␤ 1B isoform, which has a different membrane-distal part of the cytoplasmic tail from ␤ 1A , is defective in signaling and function. When plated on surfaces coated with the high affinity ligand invasin, ␤ 1Bintegrin-expressing cells spread by forming filopodia with distinct adhesive phosphotyrosine complexes at
more » ... he tips, without signs of lamellipodia. This suggested that the ␤ 1B -integrin mediated a partial signaling sufficient for formation of filopodia but insufficient for lamellipodia formation. When screening for proteins present in the distal filopodial phosphotyrosine complexes of ␤ 1B cells, p130Cas and the filopodia proteins vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein and talin were found, whereas the typical focal complex proteins focal adhesion kinase, paxillin, and vinculin were not. Invasinpromoted adhesion induced complex formation of p130Cas and the adapter Crk. Moreover, Crk together with Dock180 were present at the filopodial tips of ␤ 1Bintegrin-expressing cells, and there was a prominent Rac1 activation. Expression of dominant negative variants of p130Cas or CrkII blocked ␤ 1B -integrin-mediated filopodia formation, indicating that this signaling scaffold is central in this process.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m309693200 pmid:15044442 fatcat:xy5kc47mqbdiplhthtxmndjxv4