Equivalent Strut Width for Partial Infilled Frames
Journal of Civil Engineering Research
The usual practice in the analysis of reinforced concrete frame structures is to analyze the frames with skeleton members comprising of only slabs, beams and columns. However, in reality the structures also possess masonry infills within most of the frames, but they are ignored in the models so as to minimize the computational works. Researchers have indicated that the frames comprising of masonry panels behave significantly stiffer as compared to bare frames. The infills contribute in
... tribute in stiffening the frames, but researches also show that the partial infills can cause adverse effect known as captive column effect. A lot of experimental evidences show that the captive column effect causes the partially infilled frames to damage during earthquakes. It is still a matter of interest to researchers to find out how much shear actually occurs at the location where the wall terminates. The shear force generated at the points where the wall terminates within the frame in the windward side causes the windward side column to fail. This study is done to identify the shear force values at such locations through analytical formula. The equivalent strut width as provided by various researchers is compared with the established formula for verification and further applied to obtain the shear forces at various locations in partially infilled frame. Equivalent strut width formulation is done in this paper, which may be used directly in the frame analysis wherever partially or fully infilled walls are provided.