MR-guided HIFU treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids using novel feedback-regulated volumetric ablation: effectiveness and clinical practice

H Ruhnke, T Eckey, M K Bohlmann, M P Beldoch, A Neumann, A Agic, J Hägele, K Diedrich, J Barkhausen, P Hunold
2013 RöFo. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der Röntgenstrahlen und der bildgebenden Verfahren (Print)  
To evaluate a novel feedback-regulated volumetric sonication method in MRguided HIFU treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids. 27 fibroids with an average volume of 124.9 ± 139.8 cc in 18 women with symptomatic uterine fibroids were ablated using the new HIFU system Sonalleve (1.5 TMR system Achieva, Philips). 21 myomas in 13 women were reevaluated 6 months later. Standard (treatment) cells (TC) and feedback-regulated (feedback) cells (FC) with a diameter of 4, 8, 12, and 16 mm were used and
more » ... mm were used and compared concerning sonication success, diameter of induced necrosis, and maximum achieved temperature. The non-perfused volume ratio (NPV related to myoma volume) was quantified. The fibroid volume was measured before, 1 month, and 6 months after therapy. Symptoms were quantified using a specific questionnaire (UFS-QoL). In total, 205 TC and 227 FC were applied. The NPV ratio was 23 ± 15 % (2 – 55). The TC were slightly smaller than intended (-3.9 ± 52 %; range, -100 – 81), while the FC were 20.1 ± 25.3 % bigger (p = 0.02). Feedback mechanism is less diversifying in diameter (p < 0.001). Overall, the FC correlate well with the planned treatment diameter (r = 0.79), other than the TC (r = 0.38). Six months after therapy, the fibroid volume was reduced by 45 ± 21 % (5 – 100) (p = 0.001). The symptoms decreased significantly (p = 0.001). No serious adverse events were recorded. Use of volumetric sonication leads to homogenous heating and sufficient necrosis. It is a safe and effective therapy for treating symptomatic uterine fibroids. Successful sonication of feedback cells leads to more contiguous necrosis in diameter
pmid:24490234 fatcat:h6kbsgnt7jcifibezaswt2nuoa