On Grasp Quality Measures: Grasp Robustness and Contact Force Distribution in Underactuated and Compliant Robotic Hands

Maria Pozzi, Monica Malvezzi, Domenico Prattichizzo
2017 IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters  
The availability of grasp quality measures is fundamental for grasp planning and control, and also to drive designers in the definition and optimization of robotic hands. This work investigates on grasp robustness and quality indexes that can be applied to power grasps with underactuated and compliant hands. When dealing with such types of hands, there is the need of an evaluation method that takes into account which forces can be actually controlled by the hand, depending on its actuation
more » ... m. In this paper we study the Potential Contact Robustness and the Potential Grasp Robustness (PCR, PGR) indexes. They both consider main grasp properties: contact points, friction coefficient, etc., but also hand degrees of freedom and consequently the directions of controllable contact forces. The PCR comes directly from classical grasp theory and can be easily evaluated, but often leads to too conservative solutions, particularly when the grasp has many contacts. The PGR is more complex and computationally heavier, but gives a more realistic, even if still conservative, estimation of the overall grasp robustness, also in power grasps. We evaluated the indexes for various simulated grasps, performed with underactuated and compliant hands, and we analyzed their variations with respect to the main grasp parameters.
doi:10.1109/lra.2016.2612304 dblp:journals/ral/PozziMP17 fatcat:vjbmyocvjfd5db6rzrh36xtblu