An Empirical Estimation of the Underground Economy in Ghana

Edward Asiedu, Thanasis Stengos
2014 Economics Research International  
The main aim of this paper is to estimate the size of the underground economy in Ghana during the period 1983–2003. There is no agreement on the appropriate estimation approach to adopt to measure the size of the underground activities. To this end, we employ the well-applied currency demand approach in our measurement. Parameter estimates from the estimated currency demand equation are used in quantifying the ratio of "underground" to "measured" output/income for the Ghanaian economy. The
more » ... ated long-run average size of the underground economy to GDP for Ghana over the period is 40%. The underground economy is found to vary from a high of 54% in 1985 to a low of 25% in 1999. Estimates may represent lower bound estimates.
doi:10.1155/2014/891237 fatcat:bjixocnda5czfnruwkvttayh5m