Steam Oxidation Resistance of Ni-Cr Thermal Spray Coatings on 9Cr-1Mo Steel. Part 2: 50Ni-50Cr

T. Sundararajan, S. Kuroda, T. Itagaki, F. Abe
2003 ISIJ International  
The present work is focused on the steam oxidation resistance of 50%Ni-50%Cr metallic coatings produced using atmospheric plasma spray (APS) and high velocity oxy fuel (HVOF) spray processes on 9Cr-1Mo type steel substrate. Thickness of the coatings obtained in the HVOF and APS processes were about 60 and 40 mm respectively. The steam oxidation resistance of the coatings was evaluated at four different temperatures viz., 600, 650, 700 and 750°C. The results showed that the thick and denser HVOF
more » ... coating yielded a better steam oxidation resistance than the thin and porous APS coatings. At prolonged aging (1 000 h), the HVOF coating showed the best protection in all tested steam temperatures. APS coating performed satisfactorily well till the 100 h of test duration. But, it started the scale initiation at the coating interface and incorporation of scales occurred at 1 000 h of steam oxidation test. The reason for the protectiveness by HVOF coating and failure of APS coatings at prolonged aging are discussed in detail. KEY WORDS: steam oxidation; Cr-Mo steel; Ni-Cr coating; 50Ni-50Cr; high velocity oxy fuel (HVOF) spray; atmospheric plasma spray (APS). Fig. 8. Backscattered electron image cross sections of 50Ni-50Cr coated 9Cr-1Mo steel specimens steam oxidized for 1 000 h. Fig. 9 . EPMA elemental mapping for 50Ni-50Cr HVOF coated specimen steam oxidized at 750°C/1 000 h.
doi:10.2355/isijinternational.43.104 fatcat:hmcegtucgjbdvjyxycetdfgf3e