Trends in Sugar-sweetened Beverage Intake by Middle School Students in the HEALTHY Study

Elizabeth L. McManus, Stella Volpe
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption has been linked to health issues, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Adolescents in the 6th through 8th grades are at increased risk for heavy consumption, due to peer influences and increased purchasing power. The purpose of the present study was to analyze sugar-sweetened beverage intake by students in the HEALTHY Study. METHODS: Multivariate analyses of variance were performed to assess differences in the frequencies of total
more » ... ies of total sugar-sweetened beverage intake, as well as of chocolate milk, soda, Kool Aid, and Tang consumption, among 4,603 students in the HEALTHY Study. RESULTS: All students had a significantly higher mean intake of soda (P<0.0001) and Kool Aid (P<0.0001), and a significantly lower intake of Tang (P<0.0001), in 8th grade compared to 6th grade. Students in control schools had a lower intake of soda and Kool Aid in 6th grade and a higher intake of these beverages in 8th grade, compared to students in intervention schools. CONCLUSIONS: These findings may offer support for the effectiveness of the HEALTHY programming in influencing healthier behaviors in intervention schools. However, our results suggest that school-based nutrition interventions do not have a meaningful impact on behaviors involving sugar-sweetened beverage intake.
doi:10.17918/etd-6805 fatcat:xnxa3ksonzblnlmk4h6shzofqi