CULTURAL-INDEPENDENT VILLAGE: TOWARDS VILLAGE AUTONOMY IN A CULTURAL AND TOURISM VILLAGE IN YOGYAKARTA
The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention
In the context of implementing the privileges of Yogyakarta, Governor Regulation 93 of 2020 concerning Cultural-Independent Villages is stipulated in village development. The concept of a cultural-independent village is described as a village with the characteristics of independence/freedom, sovereignty, integrity, and innovation. The cultural-independent village is a complete and independent model or the political language of an autonomous village. Cultural-independent villages are supported
... 4 pillars of independence in the fields of cultural villages, tourism villages, preneur villages, and women's empowering roles. Thus, it is hoped that the culturally independent village will experience economic growth and independence, so that community members can develop their potential, without intervention by the supra-village government. In practice, culturally independent villages are not yet fully independent, because managing the village economy must follow the provisions of the Regional Government Organization (OPD) 4 fields, as well as the budget also depends on privileged funds, the management is facilitated by 2 assistants from the cultural service of the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The problem is that such a development process eliminates a culturally independent village's principle of sovereignty and independence. For this reason, this research will examine the implementation of the principles of a culturally independent village related to developing cultural and tourism villages. To examine these problems, a qualitative approach was used, to obtain an in-depth picture of the data obtained through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGD) with all culturally independent village stakeholders. For this reason, this research will be located in one of the villages with the title of a culturally independent village. The data is collected, then reduced, and interpreted various phenomena found in-depth so that comprehensive knowledge is obtained on the problems studied. The results of the study indicate that village autonomy in the context of a culturally independent village within the framework of privileges has not been appropriately implemented, meaning that a culturally independent village has not met the requirements of an autonomous village. This can be seen from the principles of a culturally independent village, namely: sovereignty, freedom, integrity, and innovation which have not been appropriately implemented. In the implementation of the pillars of independent villages, namely cultural villages, tourism villages, preneur villages, and gender roles, the role of the related OPD and cultural village assistants is very dominant, both in budget management and program management. Thus, culturally independent villages do not have the freedom to manage cultural and tourist villages for the community's welfare, because everything has been scheduled by each OPD, especially Kundho Kabudayan in The Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY).