Firefly-Inspired Time Synchronization Mechanism For Self-Organizing Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks: A survey

Zeyad Ghaleb Al-Mekhlafi, Zurina Mohd Hanapi, Ahmed M. Shamsan Saleh
2019 IEEE Access  
Perceptions of lifelike marvels are viewed as the best data source of unconstrained synchronization. Such synchronization is imperative for the best possible coordination of intensity cycles for wireless sensor network (WSN) energy conservation. Fireflies, which have a comparative structure to WSN, utilize the guideline of pulse-Coupled Oscillators (PCOs) for light blaze outflow to pull in mating accomplices. This conduct can be impersonated for the improvement of WSNs and have decentralized
more » ... rgy efficiency conduct. In any case, a fascinating component of WSNs is that the PCO is utilized by the firefly synchronization to pull in mating accomplices; however, it cannot be utilized in genuine sensor networks. This is because of the failure of the sensor nodes to get data packets utilized by the first PCO model because of deafness. Subsequently, energy utilization turns out to be high and a large portion of the data is lost. For most situations, the PCO model is not appropriate for sensor networks because of high packet collision since WSNs cannot bear the cost of transmission and gathering data concurrently. It likewise expands energy utilization because the battery substitution is unthinkable upon the fatigue of a node battery energy strategy. Accordingly, this paper broadly surveys and talks about the algorithms developed to address the difficulties and the systems of incorporating energy-efficient firefly inspired time synchronization over WSNs and the properties of transmission state inside the deafness and packet collision. In particular, it is an exhaustive audit incorporating instrument, points of interest and detriments of past related work inside the transmission state. The paper helps scientists to (1) keep away from deafness that happens in the transmit state in WSNs, (2) prevent packet collision for the time of transmission in WSNs, and (3) increment the data gathering all through the transmission states in WSNs. It additionally features the recommendation of a few appropriate open issues as proposals for future research. INDEX TERMS Wireless sensor network, pulse coupled oscillators, self-organizing, energy-efficient, synchronization, deafness, packet collision. VOLUME 7, 2019 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 115230 VOLUME 7, 2019 ZEYAD GHALEB AL-MEKHLAFI received the B.
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2935220 fatcat:tbcg6oc4tjghrd4bq2ldqqixo4