Kinetic Study of CaCO3 Precipitation Accelerated by High Voltage Impulse

Damha Kim, In-Soung Chang
2021 Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers  
Objectives : Determination of reaction order (n) and rate constants (k) of the CaCO<sub>3</sub> scale formation reaction that was accelerated by the HVI (high voltage impulse) induction.Methods : HVI was inducted to the synthetic solution containing 2.5 mM of Ca<sup>2+</sup> ion at different temperatures of 25, 40, 60℃. The concentration of Ca<sup>2+</sup> ion has been monitored as voltages of the HVI increased from 0 to 5, 10, 15 kV. Reaction order and the rate constants of the
more » ... formation reaction were determined with the experimental dataset of Ca<sup>2+</sup> concentration vs. time plots.Results and Discussion : The CaCO<sub>3</sub> formation was determined to follow two-molecules 2<sup>nd</sup> order reaction. The reaction rate constant, k increased as temperature and the applied voltages of HVI increased. The rate constant, k at 25℃ and 15 kV of HVI was 8.2×10<sup>-3</sup> L/(mmol・hr), which was 2.7 times greater than the k of the control at 25℃, 3.0×10<sup>-3</sup> L/(mmol・hr).Conclusions : The reaction of CaCO<sub>3</sub> formation was accelerated by HVI as the applied voltages of HVI increased, indicating that the HVI could be used as an alternative desalting technology for scale control.
doi:10.4491/ksee.2021.43.2.125 fatcat:x63cjxhxbvajrac72rlapozf3m