Factors Affecting Breakfast Consumption and its Association with Academic Performance among Undergraduates

Arimi Fitri, Mat Ludin, Soon Lim, Li, Ho Ting, Chiah Lin, Wan Nurhafizi, Wan Ya, Mariah Zaman, Devathini Gunasekaran, Nur Kamararudin, Min Lim (+7 others)
2016 unpublished
The positive association between breakfast consumption and improved mental health status has been reported in adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted among second year undergraduates of Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia. Systematic random sampling method was used in selecting the respondents from 10 programmes and a set of questionnaire has been distributed to 180 respondents. Results were analyzed using SPSS version 13.0 software. Factors that
more » ... tly affected breakfast consumption and academic performance were environmental factors (p < 0.05) which include the aspects of family background, food choices and accessibility. There is no association between habits of taking breakfast and source of education fund. Academic performance of the respondents was associated with the quantity of breakfast consumed in terms of energy and macronutrient contents.