Electrical Behaviour of Antarctic Ice and Radio Echo Layers in Ice Sheets

M. Maccagnan, P. Duval
1982 Annals of Glaciology  
Static electrical conductivity (SEC) and dielectric measurements were made on Antarctic ice cores at -15°C. The observed behaviour is markedly different from that of temperate glacier ice. The influence of impurities on the electrical properties of polar ice is discussed. Variations of SEC do not appear to be correlated with variations in the relaxation frequency when the loss factor is maximal. Different growth conditions coupled to ageing effects in the first few metres of the firn may
more » ... the firn may explain variations in the electrical properties along an ice core. Moreover, it is suggested that the relaxation frequency increases as the specific surface area increases. Defects are produced in the firn near the surface and may be retained in the subsequent ice. Discontinuous changes in the high-frequency electrical conductivity between adjacent layers can induce internal reflections of radio waves within ice sheets.
doi:10.3189/s0260305500002767 fatcat:7hiz52hd6jd33mv6t3votszypq