Livelayer: A Semi-Automatic Software Program for Segmentation of Layers and Diabetic Macular Edema in Optical Coherence Tomography Images [article]

Mansooreh Montazerin, Zahra Sajjadifar, Elias Khalili Pour, Hamid Riazi-Esfahani, Tahereh Mahmoudi, Hossein Rabbani, Hossein Movahedian, Alireza Dehghani, Mohammadreza Akhlaghi, Rahele Kafieh
<span title="2021-02-15">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Given the capacity of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) imaging to display symptoms of a wide variety of eye diseases and neurological disorders, the need for OCT image segmentation and the corresponding data interpretation is latterly felt more than ever before. In this paper, we wish to address this need by designing a semi-automatic software program for applying reliable segmentation of 8 different macular layers as well as outlining retinal pathologies such as diabetic macular edema. The
more &raquo; ... ftware accommodates a novel graph-based semi-automatic method, called "Livelayer" which is designed for straightforward segmentation of retinal layers and fluids. This method is chiefly based on Dijkstra's Shortest Path (SPF) algorithm and the Live-wire function together with some preprocessing operations on the to-be-segmented images. The software is indeed suitable for obtaining detailed segmentation of layers, exact localization of clear or unclear fluid objects and the ground truth, demanding far less endeavor in comparison to a common manual segmentation method. It is also valuable as a tool for calculating the irregularity index in deformed OCT images. The amount of time (seconds) that Livelayer required for segmentation of ILM, IPL-INL, OPL-ONL was much less than that for the manual segmentation, 5s for the ILM (minimum) and 15.57s for the OPL-ONL (maximum). The unsigned errors (pixels) between the semi-automatically labeled and gold standard data was on average 2.7, 1.9, 2.1 for ILM, IPL-INL, OPL-ONL, respectively. The Bland-Altman plots indicated perfect concordance between the Livelayer and the manual algorithm and that they could be used interchangeably. The repeatability error was around one pixel for the OPL-ONL and < 1 for the other two. The dice scores for comparing the two algorithms and for obtaining the repeatability on segmentation of fluid objects were at acceptable levels.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">arXiv:2003.05916v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:4peepnyxdnckfi2n7y2sida2b4</a> </span>
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