Mexican Immigration and Self-Selection: New Evidence from the 2000 Mexican Census

Pablo Ibarraran, Darren H. Lubotsky
2005 Social Science Research Network  
anonymous referee. We are naturally responsible for any remaining errors. 2 Abstract We use data from the 2000 Mexican Census to examine how the education of Mexican immigrants to the United States compares to that of nonmigrants in Mexico. Our primary conclusion is that migrants tend to be less educated than non-migrants. This finding is consistent with the idea that the return to education is higher in Mexico than in the United States, and thus the wage gain to migrating is proportionately
more » ... proportionately smaller for higher-educated Mexicans than it is for lower-educated Mexicans. We also find that the degree of negative selection of migrants is stronger in Mexican counties that have a higher return to education. Finally, we point out important differences in the characteristics of Mexican migrants between the Mexican and United States Censuses. 3
doi:10.2139/ssrn.765484 fatcat:b76bhpsu2jg35cmtkszme6avlm