Divergent microbiota of echinoid eggs separated by the Isthmus of Panama [article]

Tyler J. Carrier, Harilaos A. Lessios, Adam M. Reitzel
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Relationships between animals and their associated microbiota is dependent on the evolutionary history of the host and on the environment. The majority of studies tend to focus on one of these factors and rarely consider how both determine the community composition of the associated bacteria. One natural experiment to test how evolutionary history, shared environments, and the interaction between these factors drive community composition is to compare geminate species pairs. Echinoids separated
more » ... by the Isthmus of Panama are suitable for this comparison due to the known evolutionary history and differences in oceanographic characteristics of the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean. By comparing the egg-associated microbiota for the Echinometra and Diadema geminate species pairs, we show that both pairs of geminate species associate with distinct bacterial communities in patterns consistent with phylosymbiosis, and that the interaction between the evolutionary history of the host and the environment best explain differences in these communities. Moreover, we find that particular microbial taxa differed considerably between, but not within, oceans and that the microbiota of the two Caribbean Echinometra species were dominated by the phototrophic Oxyphotobacteria.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.30.015578 fatcat:eaxcmwx4lnhe5hlkcchowzogle