Conducting Systematic Review
Clinical Nurse Specialist?
Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this presentation is to describe the process and rigor of systematic review with an example of a systematic review of effectiveness that we recently completed. Participants will use a critical appraisal tool to understand how to assess the transparency and quality of a systematic review of the effectiveness of arm exercise on dyspnea in patients with COPD. Significance: The significance of this presentation is two-fold. First, the Institute of Medicine has
... of Medicine has recently called for the United States to greatly increase our capacity to summarize evidence with the process of systematic review. Clinical nurse specialists, in their roles as facilitators of evidence-based practice, are well-positioned to assess and conduct systematic reviews. Second, the topic of the review itself is important because dyspnea is a disabling symptom that is particularly troublesome when patients with COPD perform activities of daily living that involves using their arms. Design: We will describe the process of systematic review, the origins of rigor in systematic review and the secondary research method of systematic review of effectiveness.