Effectiveness of Phage-Based Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in Food Products and Food Processing Environments

Iwona Kawacka, Agnieszka Olejnik-Schmidt, Marcin Schmidt, Anna Sip
2020 Microorganisms  
Providing safe products and compliance of legal requirements is still a great challenge for food manufacturers regarding microbiological safety, especially in the context of Listeria monocytogenes food contamination. L. monocytogenes is a human pathogen, which, due to the ability of survival and proliferation in preservation conditions such as high salinity, acidity and refrigeration temperatures, is a significant threat to the food industry. Novel methods of elimination of the bacterial
more » ... n in food products and food processing environments are required. Among emerging technologies, one of the very promising solutions is using bacteriophages as natural control agents. This review focus on the major aspects of phage-based inhibition of L. monocytogenes in aspects of food safety. We describe an overview of foods and technological factors influencing the efficacy of phage use in biocontrol of L. monocytogenes. The most noteworthy are food matrix properties, phage concentration and stability, the time of phage application and product storage temperature. The combined methods, phage immobilization (active packing), pathogen resistance to phages and legislation aspects of antilisterial bacteriophage use in the food industry are also discussed.
doi:10.3390/microorganisms8111764 pmid:33182551 fatcat:ptojdcsfszeufi4opddm4ykuda