Cytotoxicity of hollow silica nanoparticles loaded with photosensitizes on huh-7 cells

Dongni Pei, Li Xiong, Liangwu Lin, Dewu Zhong
2014 Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences  
To observe the cytotoxic effect of the photodynamic therapy mediated by the traditional photosensitizer polyhematoporphyrin (C(34)H(38)N(4)NaO(5), Photosan-II Photosan-II was loaded into HSNP by one-step wet chemical, PS) and hollow silica nanoparticles (HSNP) loaded PS on Huh-7 cells and compare the cytotoxic effects. -based synthetic route. The cellular viability was determined by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptotic and necrotic cells were
more » ... ured by flow cytometry. The suitable drug concentrations of free PS and HSNP loaded PS on Huh-7 cells were 20mg/L and 5mg/L respectively, and the suitable incubation time were 4 h and 2 h respectively. Under the same drug concentration, the survival rates of free PS and HSNP loaded PS were 62.46%±1.93% and 6.54%±1.24% <. Under the same drug concentration and incubation time, the total rates of apoptosis necrosis caused by free PS and HSNP loaded PS mediated PDT were respectively 22.00% ± 2.24% and 87.23% ± 2.1% <. PS-loaded HSNP mediated PDT can inhibit proliferation of cancer cells and induce apoptosis more quickly and effectively. As the loading system of PS, HSNP can make the photosensitizer have stronger solubility and drug concentration efficiency, which can significantly improve the therapeutic effect of PDT.
pmid:24816702 fatcat:nz5ne2pkifeb5pnvyy5ox72nhy