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51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
In this study, a fully-coupled approach is used to simulate three-dimensional highly-flexible flapping wings interacting with the surrounding fluid flow. In this approach, the elastic body and its interaction with the fluid are implemented as body/surface force terms. In this way, the fluid and solid can be solved by a combined and modified form of typical Navier-Stokes equations. The motion trajectory is defined similarly by adding another bodyforce term using direct-forcing type of Immerseddoi:10.2514/6.2013-864 fatcat:cwxqjgi2xzd5djekmi4xduccpy