WHAT SHALL WE TEACH CONCERNING THE PHYSIOLOG ICAL EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL?
School Science and Mathematics
Walnut Lodge Hospital, Hartford, Conn., said: "Alcohol is among the most poisonous and seductive drugs which can be used in medicine, and as a beverage it occupies much the same plane as that of opium to quiet pain and discomfort, and nothing more." Effect of Alcohol on the Ability to Resist Disease. In experiments on over three hundred animals, including dogs, rabbits. guinea pigs, fowls, and pigeons, Laitenen of the University of Helsingsfors and Professor Frankel of Halle found that alcohol
... ithout exception made these animals more susceptible to disease than were the controls. Dr. T. Alexander MacNicholl, in a recent address said: "Massart and Bordet, Metchnikoff and Sims Woodhead have proved that alcohol, even in every dilute solution, prevents the white blood corpuscles from attacking invading germs, thus depriving the system of the cooperation of these important defenders, and reducing the powers of resisting disease. The experiments of Richardson, Harley, Kales and others have demonstrated the fact that one to five per cent of alcohol in the blood of the living human body in a notable degree alters the appearance of the corpuscular elements, reduces the oxygen bearing elements, and prevents their reoxygenation." Emphasis is frequently placed on the destruction and deterioration of the leucocytes or white blood corpuscles by writers on the subject. Dr. Grosvener, quoted above, declares: "The poisoning and paralyzing influences of alcohol lead to the conclusion that the alcoholized organism presents a lessened resistance to the attacks of .micro organisms. The detailed experiments of Abbot upon lower animals lean strongly toward the