Obesity and Eating Disorders

Kelly C. Allison, Albert J. Stunkard
2005 Psychiatric Clinics of North America  
An overview of evidence for a causal relation between iron deficiency during development and deficits in cognitive or behavioral function Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 931-945. Commentary Norlin J Benevenga Consideration of betaine and one-carbon sources of N 5methyltetrahydrofolate for use in homocystinuria and neural tube defects Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 946-949. Effect of the melanocortin-3 receptor C17A and G241A variants on weight loss in childhood obesity Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 950-953. Effect
more » ... f soy protein from differently processed products on cardiovascular disease risk factors and vascular endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic subjects Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 960-966. Constitutional thinness and lean anorexia nervosa display opposite concentrations of peptide YY, glucagon-like peptide 1, ghrelin, and leptin Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 967-971. Premenopausal overweight women do not lose bone during moderate weight loss with adequate or higher calcium intake Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 972-980. A controlled trial of reduced meal frequency without caloric restriction in healthy, normal-weight, middle-aged adults Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 981-988. Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn Study Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 989-995. Resistance training and dietary protein: effects on glucose tolerance and contents of skeletal muscle insulin signaling proteins in older persons Am J Clin Effect on 24-h energy expenditure of a moderate-fat diet high in monounsaturated fatty acids compared with that of a low-fat, carbohydraterich diet: a 6-mo controlled dietary intervention trial Am J Clin Long-term effects of 2 energy-restricted diets differing in glycemic load on dietary adherence, body composition, and metabolism in CALERIE: a 1-y randomized controlled trial Am J Clin Consumption of fluid skim milk promotes greater muscle protein accretion after resistance exercise than does consumption of an isonitrogenous and isoenergetic soy-protein beverage Am Carotene-rich plant foods ingested with minimal dietary fat enhance the total-body vitamin A pool size in Filipino schoolchildren as assessed by stable-isotope-dilution methodology Am J Clin Isoflavonoid glucosides are deconjugated and absorbed in the small intestine of human subjects with ileostomies Am J Clin The contribution of plant foods to the vitamin A supply of lactating women in Vietnam: a randomized controlled trial Am J Clin Community-level micronutrient fortification of a food supplement in India: a controlled trial in preschool children aged 36-66 mo Am J Clin More acidic dietary acid-base load is associated with reduced calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation in women but not in men: results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study Am J Clin Soy isoflavones lower serum total and LDL cholesterol in humans: a metaanalysis of 11 randomized controlled trials Am Effects of soluble fiber (Plantago ovata husk) on plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins in men with ischemic heart disease Am The effect of teas on malabsorption of carbohydrates Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 1164. Puneet Arora and Ramandeep S Arora Vitamin D supplementation for non-Western pregnant women: the British experience Am Nutrition 10. Balk E, Chung M, Chew P, et al. Effects of soy on health outcomes. Evidence report/technology assessment. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2005. (AHRQ publication no. 05-E024-2.) 11. Matthan NR, Jalbert SM, Ausman LM, Kuvin JT, Karas RH, Lichtenstein AH. Effect of soy protein from differently processed products on cardiovascular disease risk factors and vascular endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:960 -6. 12. Cassidy A, Brown JE, Hawdon A, et al. Factors affecting the bioavailability of soy isoflavones in humans after ingestion of physiologically relevant levels from different soy foods. ABSTRACT This review, intended for a broad scientific readership, summarizes evidence relevant to whether a causal relation exists between dietary iron deficiency with (IDѿA) or without (ID-A) anemia during development and deficits in subsequent cognitive or behavioral performance. An overview of expert opinion and major evidence in humans and animals is provided. Cognitive and behavioral effects observed in humans with ID-A and in animals with IDȀA are provided in tables. The degree to which 5 conditions of causality are satisfied and whether deleterious effects of ID-A might be expected to occur are discussed. On the basis of the existing literature, our major conclusions are as follows. Although most of the 5 conditions of causality (association, plausible biological mechanisms, dose response, ability to manipulate the effect, and specificity of cause and effect) are partially satisfied in humans, animals, or both, a causal connection has not been clearly established. In animals, deficits in motor activity are consistently associated with severe IDѿA, but adverse effects on performance in tests that target cognitive function have not been clearly shown. Resistance to iron treatment was observed in most trials of children 2 y of age with IDѿA, but not in older children. Similar observations were made in rodents when IDѿA occurred before rather than after weaning. In children 2 y of age and in adolescents with ID-A, evidence suggests cognitive or behavioral deficits; however, the surprisingly small number of studies conducted in either humans or animals prevents a thorough assessment. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:931-45.
doi:10.1016/j.psc.2004.09.006 pmid:15733611 fatcat:u2j5e6toxfcxjih544m2uyddya