Influence of the chemical structure of different carboxymethylcelluloses on the performance of clay dispersions

K. C. Nóbrega, S. S. S. Silva, L. V. Amorim, H. L. Lira, W. R. P. Costa
2019 Cerâmica  
The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of the chemical structure of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) on the rheological performance and fluid loss of clay dispersions. The dispersions were prepared with a fixed content of bentonite clay (15 g/350 mL of water) and different concentrations of CMCs (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 g/350 mL of water). After aging for 24 h in ambient and static conditions, the dispersions were tested in a viscometer. Apparent and plastic viscosities, yield point and gel
more » ... point and gel strength were obtained using the viscometer, according to Petrobras' standard (EP-1EP-00011-A). The filtrate volume was determined using the API filter press. The results showed that the addition of long chain, low degree of substitution and lower substitution uniformity of CMC contribute to the flocculation phenomenon. In addition, the different chemical characteristics of CMC only influence fluid loss when the ionic strength of the dispersion is set to any other value than zero.
doi:10.1590/0366-69132019653732471 fatcat:xhmn6rpydvfvxfcg2exanwnpw4