Green rust formation and reactivity with arsenic species [thesis]

Jeffrey Paulo H. Perez, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin
Elevated levels of arsenic (As) in soils and groundwaters remain a pressing global challenge due to its widespread occurrence and distribution, high toxicity and mobility. In oxygen-limited subsurface conditions, redox-active mineral phases can be important substrates in controlling the fate and mobility of As in the environment. Among these redox-active minerals, green rust (GR) phases, an Fe(II)-Fe(III)-bearing layered double hydroxide, have been shown to be able to sequester a wide range of
more » ... oxic metals and metalloids, including As. However, very little is known regarding how GR phases interact with As species and what is the fate of the immobilized As under dynamic geochemical conditions. GR phases are suggested to form through the transformation of metastable iron mineral phases in non-sulfidic, reducing environments. However, the exact mechanism and pathway of this transformation, as well as the fate of mineral-associated As (i.e. whether it is re-released back into the groundwater by desorption, dissolution or redox transformation) is not yet known but critically needed for modelling As cycling in contaminated environments. To address these knowledge gaps, I conducted a series of experimental geochemical studies and combined them with various laboratory- and synchrotron-based solid and liquid phase characterization methods to examine the interaction between GR sulfate (GRSO4) and As species [As(III) and As(V)]. Specifically, I performed several batch experiments under anoxic and near-neutral pH conditions to determine As-GR interaction mechanisms during GR formation and transformation. Moreover, I also quantified how these transformation reactions affect the toxicity and mobility of As species in contaminated environments. From the batch adsorption experiments, I showed that synthetic GRSO4 can adsorb up to 160 and 105 mg of As(III) and As(V) per g of solid, respectively. These adsorption capacities are among the highest reported for iron (oxyhydr)oxides that form in soils and groundwaters. Results from th [...]
doi:10.17169/refubium-26747 fatcat:ajcvg4izavaffpibc6bhy6nqbm