Handy Man's Workshop

1909 Scientific American  
It is the purpose of, this article to show how to build an automobile' hO)lse which has the following advantages: It is portable, as all sections and other parts are held together with a minimum number of bolts and screws. It requires no special skill with FRONT VIEW OF THE AUTOMOBILE HOUSE. tools. It is easily set up and taken apart. It is light and sufficiently strong, and presents a neat and fin ished appearance. The complete bill of materials for the house as shown herewith costs $70. To
more » ... th costs $70. To this may be added about $10 for paint. Because of its ready portability, it may be set up by the lake shore or in the woods and used as a summer cottage. It makes but one easy wagon load for two horses. It has no masonry sup ports, and therefore does not revert to the owner of the land on which it is placed, but it can be moved whenever moving day comes. The open doorway gives almol3t seven feet clearance, which is sufficient to admit an auto with top up. It is large enough for a small touring car with room to work all around it, as well as for the storage of supplies. With a run about it gives room for shelves and a bench for' a convenient workroom at the end. The frame is of hemlock, Fig. 1, and measures 15 feet 4 inches by 9 feet 6 inches by 7 feet 8 inches high. A bove the :floors the frame consists of only four cor ner posts, the plate frame, two pairs of rafters, two Scientific American tie-pieces-not shown-across from plate to plate at the foot of the rafters, all of 2-inch by 3-inch hemlock dressed, and four roof, boards, % inch by 4 inches. The gable sections serve also as rafters. The sills are held together at the corners by angle irons 6 inches by 6 inches, 3/16 inch thick and 1 inch wide, fastened with carriage bolts % inch by 2lh inches, Fig. 3 . These should fit snugly in the sills, so that the square shoul ders will prevent turning, and the heads are counter sunk :flush. The :floor joists rest on straps nailed to the side sills, Fig. 4 . Two of the joists, Fig. 2 , are fastened with lighter angle irons to prevent the sills springing outward. The rest a�' e held in place by' small cleats. Two mudsills, 2 inches by 3 inches, are laid under the joists to stiffen them for the load of the machine. These, as well as the whole frame, are blocked up and rest upon boards or plank pieces about 8 inches by 12 inches crossed and laid up under the sills at dis tances of four or five feet. If these supports settle by the action of frost, it. is a simple matter to level up by adding more. The corner posts stand on the sills, to be fastened later by corner boards, Figs. 3 and 5. The plate sticks are halved together at the corners, a hole is bored down through their ends into the top of the post, and a 24-penny wire spike is pushed into it. The plates are also held together by small angle irons at the cor ners. At this point the frame must be stayed up while the side and roof sections are put in place. The side panels, Fig. 6, are of matched Georgia pine ceiling material, 7/16 inch thick, dressed and beaded one side, cleated with %-inch dressed pine on the out side as shown, and cleated with a strip of the 7/16-inch material on the inside. They cover each 3 feet by 7 feet and are all interchangeable except that the corner sEctions are slightly modified to slip under the corner boards. The window sections are made interchangeable with the rest, and the position of the windows may be varied to suit circumstances. The bevel on the cleats and on base and eaves boards, Figs. 7 and 8, aids in excluding the weather. The way in which the bat tens and cleats of the panels interlock to give tight ness and strength is apparent from details of Fig. 6. Cleats, 2 inches by % inch, are fastened with l%-inch package wire nails, clinched on the outside. The inside cleat is fastened with %-inch nails clinched inside. In general, the nailing is done with nails just long enough, so that the sharp points prick through slightly. 'rhe nail is driven against an iron block, and is really bent. within the wood instead of forming a clinch visible outside.
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican03201909-227 fatcat:vr5z5wetlnd3po7lhnfciqf5oi