Acute kidney injury is a common complication in children and adolescents hospitalized for diabetic ketoacidosis

Shih-Kang Huang, Chi-Yu Huang, Chao-Hsu Lin, Bi-Wen Cheng, Ya-Ting Chiang, Yi-Chen Lee, Shu-Nin Yeh, Chon-In Chan, Wei-Kian Chua, Yann-Jinn Lee, Wei-Hsin Ting, Tatsuo Shimosawa
2020 PLoS ONE  
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is associated with dehydration and which can cause acute kidney injury (AKI). The proportion of AKI in children and adolescents with DKA has not been reported in East Asian population. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of AKI and to determine whether there is an association between AKI severity and recovery time from metabolic acidosis in children and adolescents with DKA. Medical records of children and adolescents (aged <18 years) presenting with type 1
more » ... nting with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus and DKA between 2000-2017 at the MacKay Children's Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. AKI was defined by an admission creatinine level >1.5 times the calculated expected baseline creatinine level. Patients were divided into three groups based on AKI severity: no AKI, mild AKI, and severe AKI. In total, 170 (56.5%) patients with DKA presented AKI (mild AKI, 116 [38.5%]; severe AKI, 54 [18.0%]). Heart rate and laboratory parameters related to dehydration, such as corrected sodium level and blood urea nitrogen, were strongly associated with AKI development (P<0.01). Blood pH, plasma glucose, and potassium levels were also associated with AKI. A negative correlation with borderline significance between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and recovery time from metabolic acidosis was observed in the severe AKI group. AKI was highly prevalent in children and adolescents with DKA. An association between AKI and biomarkers indicating dehydration was noted. The recovery time from metabolic acidosis following treatment may be longer in children with a decreased eGFR who present with severe AKI. AKI is a common complication in children with DKA.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0239160 pmid:33027293 fatcat:nkyttpwccnbtpmmsrym6qiq7im