A novel method for conformity assessment testing of mechanical ventilators for post-market surveillance purposes

Almir Badnjević, Amar Deumić, Ammar Trakić, Lejla Gurbeta Pokvić
2022
Mechanical ventilators are medical devices used in intensive care units when patients are in need of mechanical aid to facilitate the process of breathing. As the function of breathing is the exchange of gases, the mechanical ventilator takes over that function while the patient is incapable to spontaneous breathing. As these devices are used to maintain the life of patents, their performance must be ensured and there cannot be significant deviations in the volumes and pressure of gases they
more » ... roduce to the patient. The new Medical Device Regulation (MDR) defines medical device post-market surveillance (PMS) as performed by independent, third-party, notified bodies more strategically in hope to improve traceability of device performance. However, there is still an apparent gap in terms of standardised conformity assessment testing methods. This paper proposes a novel method for conformity assessment testing of mechanical ventilators for post-market surveillance purposes. The method was developed on the basis of metrology characteristics of mechanical ventilators and evaluation of their vital safety and performance parameters. In addition to the evaluation of essential safety and visual integrity of mechanical ventilators, their performance in terms of volume of oxygen delivered to the patient as well as the flow and pressure of the delivered gas is evaluated. The developed method was validated between 2018 and 2021 in healthcare institutions of all levels. The results obtained during validation suggest that conformity assessment testing of mechanical ventilators as a method used during PMS contributes to significant improvement in devices' accuracy and reliability. A standardized approach in conformity assessment testing of mechanical ventilators during PMS, besides increasing reliability of the devices, is the first step in digital transformation of management of these devices in healthcare institutions opening possibility for use of artificial intelligence.
doi:10.3233/thc-229012 pmid:36530109 fatcat:m36bho5nafebbmqzhuvih5oqlq