Symmetric deformed binomial distributions: An analytical example where the Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy is not extensive

H. Bergeron, E. M. F. Curado, J. P. Gazeau, Ligia M. C. S. Rodrigues
2016 Journal of Mathematical Physics  
Asymptotic behavior (with respect to the number of trials) of symmetric generalizations of binomial distributions and their related entropies is studied through three examples. The first one has the q-exponential as the generating function, the second one involves the modified Abel polynomials, and the third one has Hermite polynomials. We prove analytically that the Rényi entropy is extensive for these three cases, i.e., it is proportional (asymptotically) to the number n of events and that
more » ... xponential and Hermite cases have also extensive Boltzmann-Gibbs. The Abel case is exceptional in the sense that its Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy is not extensive and behaves asymptotically as the square root of n. This result is obtained numerically and also confirmed analytically, under reasonable assumptions, by using a regularization of the beta function and its derivative. Probabilistic urn and genetic models are presented for illustrating this remarkable case. C 2016 AIP Publishing LLC.
doi:10.1063/1.4939917 fatcat:5t7qt6fv3nhxnndmzpksgbazum