Influence of the rain gauge network on the performance of a hydrological lumped model applied at different basin scales
Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos
In this study was evaluated the influence of the rainfall monitoring network density and distribution on the result of rainfall-runoff daily simulations of a lumped model (IPH II) considering basins with different drainage scales: Turvo River (1,540 km2), Ijuí River (9,462 km2), Jacuí River (38,700 km2) and Upper Uruguay (61,900 km2). For this purpose, four rain gauge coverage scenarios were developed: (I) 100%; (II) 75%; (III) 50% and (IV) 25% of the rain gauges of the basin. Additionally, a
... enario considering the absence of monitoring was evaluated, in which the rainfall used in the modeling was estimated based on the TRMM satellite. Was verified that, in some situations, the modeling produced better results for scenarios with a lower rain gauges density if the available gauges presented better spatial distribution. Comparatively to the simulations performed with the rainfall estimated by the TRMM, the results obtained using rain gauges' data were better, even in scenarios with low rain gauges density. However, when the poor spatial distribution of the rain gauges was associated with low density, the satellite's estimation provided better results. Thus, was conclude that spatial distribution of the rain gauge network is important in the rainfall representation and that estimates obtained by the TRMM can be presented as alternatives for basins with a deficient monitoring network.