Patterns of complex emergency general surgery in Canada

Kelly N. Vogt, Laura Allen, Patrick B. Murphy, Rardi van Heest, Fady Saleh, Sandy Widder, Sam Minor, Paul T. Engels, Emilie Joos, Rahima Nenshi, Michael T. Meschino, Charlotte Laane (+4 others)
2020 Canadian journal of surgery  
Most of the literature on emergency general surgery (EGS) has investigated appendiceal and biliary disease; however, EGS surgeons manage many other complex conditions. This study aimed to describe the operative burden of these conditions throughout Canada. Methods: This multicentre retrospective cohort study evaluated EGS patients at 7 centres across Canada in 2014. Adult patients (aged ≥ 18 yr) undergoing nonelective operative interventions for nonbiliary, non appendiceal diseases were
more » ... . Data collected included information on patients' demographic characteristics, diagnosis, procedure details, complications and hospital length of stay. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of morbidity and mortality. Results: A total of 2595 patients were included, with a median age of 60 years (interquartile range 46-73 yr). The most common principal diagnoses were small bowel obstruction (16%), hernia (15%), malignancy (11%) and perianal disease (9%). The most commonly performed procedures were bowel resection (30%), hernia repair (15%), adhesiolysis (11%) and débridement of skin and soft tissue infections (10%). A total of 47% of cases were completed overnight (between 5 pm and 8 am). The overall inhospital mortality rate was 8%. Thirty-three percent of patients had a complication, with independent predictors including increasing age (p = 0.001), increasing American Society of Anesthesiologists score (p = 0.02) and transfer from another centre (p = 0.001). Conclusion: This study characterizes the epidemiology of nonbiliary, nonappendiceal EGS operative interventions across Canada. Canadian surgeons are performing a large volume of EGS, and conditions treated by EGS services are associated with a substantial risk of morbidity and mortality. Results of this study will be used to guide future research efforts and set benchmarks for quality improvement. Contexte : La plupart des études sur les services de chirurgie générale d'urgence (CGU) s'intéressent seulement aux atteintes de l'appendice et de la vésicule biliaire. Pourtant, les chirurgiens du domaine traitent beaucoup d'autres problèmes complexes. L'objectif de l'étude était de décrire le travail chirurgical associé à ces problèmes dans l'ensemble du Canada.
doi:10.1503/cjs.011219 fatcat:nutbvx2tf5abril2obuq63bejy