Charting a future for epidemiologic training

Ross C. Brownson, Jonathan M. Samet, Gilbert F. Chavez, Megan M. Davies, Sandro Galea, Robert A. Hiatt, Carlton A. Hornung, Muin J. Khoury, Denise Koo, Vickie M. Mays, Patrick Remington, Laura Yarber
2015 Annals of Epidemiology  
Purpose-To identify macro level trends that are changing the needs of epidemiologic research and practice and to develop and disseminate a set of competencies and recommendations for epidemiologic training that will be responsive to these changing needs. Methods-There were three stages to the project: 1) assembly of a working group of senior epidemiologists from multiple sectors, 2) Identifying relevant literature, and 3) conducting key informant interviews with 15 experienced epidemiologists.
more » ... esults-Twelve macro trends were identified along with associated actions for the field and educational competencies. The macro trends include: 1) "Big Data"/ informatics, 2) the changing health communication environment, 3) the Affordable Care Act/health care system reform, 4) shifting demographics, 5) globalization, 6) emerging high throughput technologies ("omics"), 7) a greater focus on accountability, 8) privacy changes, 9) a greater focus on "upstream" causes of disease, 10) the emergence of translational sciences, 11) the growing centrality of team and transdisciplinary science, and 12) the evolving funding environment. Conclusion-Addressing these issues through curricular change is needed to allow the field of epidemiology to more fully reach and sustain its full potential to benefit population health and remain a scientific discipline that makes critical contributions to ensuring clinical, social, and population health.
doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.03.002 pmid:25976024 pmcid:PMC4646613 fatcat:fhk5dwdq6bhkzmamevepmmjgfi